Team-Based Learning in Pathology Residency Training
Tamar C Brandler, Jordan Laser, Alex K Williamson, James Louie, Michael J Esposito. Hofstra-North Shore LIJ School of Medicine, Lake Success, NY
Background: Team-Based Learning (TBL) has been integrated into the undergraduate and medical education settings in many institutions to date. However, TBL has not been widely introduced into graduate medical education. Our study aimed to measure the effect of TBL on promoting learning and teamwork in the setting of pathology residency training.
Design: As part of the daily pathology residency training didactic series, four 2-hour TBL sessions were held on different days and facilitated by different attending pathologists. Topics included molecular diagnostics in lung cancer, interstitial lung disease, death certification and delayed hemolytic transfusion reactions. Individual and group readiness assurance tests were performed during each TBL session and scores were compared using wilcoxon matched-pairs signed ranks tests. After three of the four TBL sessions 11-16 residents and rotating medical students completed an 18 item validated and reliable team performance survey which measured the quality of team interactions on a scale of 0 (none of the time) to 6 (all of the time). Mean and standard deviation were calculated for each item.
Results: Scores on the individual versus group readiness assurance tests were found to be significantly different with P values of 0.001, <0.001, 0.003, and <0.001 for the first through fourth TBL sessions, respectively. The team performance survey received mean scores ranging from 5.3 ± 1.1 to 6.0 ± 0.0.
Conclusions: The use of TBL promotes teamwork and learning in a pathology residency setting. Residents scored higher on the readiness assurance tests when working in teams showing the power of team learning and achievement. There was a high quality of team interaction as shown by the high scores on the team performance survey. Additionally, the ACGME competencies of professionalism and interpersonal and communication skills are further enhanced by incorporating TBL into pathology residency training.
Tuesday, March 5, 2013 9:30 AM
Poster Session III # 59, Tuesday Morning