Morphologic Features Predict Prognosis in Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma
Zhihong Hu, Anjali Godambe, Beatriz Sanchez, Umesh Kapur, Sherri Yong. Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL
Background: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is an uncommon malignancy with a poor prognosis. The incidence has increased in the recent years. Definitve prognostic factors for patient survival have not been clearly identified.
Design: To determine significant factors associated with outcome, retrospective review of pathological findings of the resected tumors and uninvolved liver were performed in patients from a single tertiary hospital. Tumors were grouped into 5 patterns: ductal, papillary, mucinous, sclerosing and mixed (each pattern ≥ 25% or with HCC component). The tumor was also evaluated for differentiation, lymphovascular invasion (LVI), perineural invasion, size and T(tumor) classification. Steatosis, fibrosis, inflammation and ductal atypia were graded in the uninvolved liver.
Results: The study group was 23 ICC patients resected for ICC from 2001 to 2011 (female:13; male: 10; age: 66.8 ± 11.6 years) with complete clinical and survival data. The overall survival after resection was 1.7 ± 0.5 years. Statistical analysis showed that the survival was significantly associated with tumor stage, LVI and mixed pattern. Survival was not significantly related to the tumor size, differentiation, perineural invasion, or hepatic parenchyma with adjacent bile duct atypia, fibrosis or steatosis (p>0.05). The mean survival for the patients with mixed pattern ICC was significantly lower than those with a solitary pattern (p<0.05).
|Classification||subclassification||Patient numbers (n)||Survival (years)||p value|
|Tumor size||<5 cm||8||2.8 ±1.2||0.21|
|Classification||Sub-classification||Number of patients (n)||Survival years||p value|
|Stage I||6||1.5 ± 0.9|
|Stage II||5||4.1± 0.9|
|Stage III||5||2.0± 0.8|
|Stage IV||3||0.8± 0.5|
|Liver steatosis||Absent||14||1.7 ± 0.7||0.91|
|Adjacent duct atypia||Absent||11||1.2± 0.4||0.39|
|Present||11||2.1 ± 0.9|