Evaluation of a Teaching System Based on Vertical Integration of Clinical Areas, Virtual Autopsy, Pathology Museum and Digital Microscopy for Medical Students.
Julio A Diaz-Perez, Jorge H Echeverri-Perico, Gabriel A Hurtado-Gomez, Paola Aranda-Valderrama, Lina M Vera-Cala. Universidad de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia; FAPCIM S.A.S., Bucaramanga, Santander, Colombia; University of Wisconsin, Madison
Background: Pathology is a fundamental science for a successful medical practice. The medical education in recent years has undergone profound changes with the development of a combined core curriculum. There has been a shift from discipline-based teaching towards problem-based learning in the clinical environment. On the other hand, the uses of advanced informatics technologies have also improved the learning process. We applied a teaching method based on the active combination of clinical problems given through informatics tools and gross pathology, histopathology and autopsy pathology with medical students at the Universidad de Santander, Colombia.
Design: Ninety four medical students were analyzed in two consecutive semesters. Students were randomized to receive the usual methodology or the new approach. The traditional teaching method (control group) comprised theoretical lectures in the classroom as well as practical lessons using a lab with light microscopes and a gross pathology museum. Students assigned to receive the new methodology (intervention group) were taught using the vertical integration teaching system which included theoretical and practical lessons using interactive clinical cases, autopsy features, gross pathology, and digital microcopy images through informatics devices in the same classroom.
Results: There was no significant difference between the intervened students and the non-intervened ones (p = 0.4) at baseline. The average total knowledge score was significantly higher in the intervention group compared to the control group (3.9 vs 3.4, p<0.05). Students and tutors endorsed the benefits of integrated pathology and clinical learning. The acceptability of the training was very satisfactory scoring an average of 8.7 out of 10.
Conclusions: This study confirms that vertical integration based on informatics systems provides an excellent opportunity for the association of pathology, and clinical medicine into the early clinical training of medical students. This can be possible with the use of virtual microscopy, and clinical digital imaging correlation.
Tuesday, March 1, 2011 9:30 AM
Poster Session III # 125, Tuesday Morning