YouTube as a Public Educational and Consulting Tool in Dermatopathology.
Madhu Dahiya. Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL; Edward J. Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, IL
Background: According to the published literature "social media websites, such as YouTube, Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, and Second Life are rapidly emerging as popular sources of health information especially for teens and young adults," (Dermatology Clin. 2009 Apr;27(2):133-6, vi.) In this study, we surveyed the availability of YouTube videos dedicated to common dermatopathology diagnoses.
Design: Twenty-three separate search terms – representing the most common diagnoses likely encountered in a routine dermatopathology service – were entered into the "Search" section of the website, YouTube.com. In addition, the following terms were searched for: dermatopathology, mycosis fungoides, cutaneous lymphoma, and skin allergy. The number of videos uploaded for each term (uploaded by latest date Oct. 1, 2010) were compiled.
Results: Number of uploaded videos follows each diagnosis or search term: Psoriasis – 3, 760, Dermatofibroma – 10, Actinic keratosis – 108, Basal Cell Carcinoma – 143, Dermatopathology – 17, Melanoma 2, 760, Skin Allergy – 743, Nevus – 177, Atypical Nevus – 25, Squamous Cell Carcinoma Skin – 107, Paget's Disease Skin – 8, Neurofibroma Skin – 14, Contact Dermatitis – 221, Seborrheic Dermatitis – 50, Solar Lentigo 11, Atopic Dermatitis 323, Mycosis Fungoides – 8, Arthropod bite – 15, Eczema – 4020, Seborrheic Dermatitis – 193, Tinea – 225, Lichen Planus – 76, Granuloma Annulare – 3, Vasculitis – 128, Cutaneous Lymphoma – 23. dysplastic nevus – 6, Spitz nevus – 1.
Conclusions: Inflammatory dermatoses tended to have more videos uploaded by search term (example: eczema = 4,020 and psoriasis = 3,760) than skin cancers, perhaps reflecting the increased prevalence of such disorders in the youth and young adult population. "Melanoma" was the most common type of skin cancer found among the search terms (Melanoma = 2,760), likely due to the emphasis on public melanoma education by health care authorities (Online video-based patient education improves melanoma awareness: a randomized controlled trial. Telemed J E Health. 2009; Dec; 15(10):992-7). Some results were surprising such as the paucity of videos uploaded for Spitz nevus. Many of the videos were from university settings or private dermatopathology groups. Patients also uploaded videos. Some patient videos dealt with the emotional stress of a chronic dermatosis. The findings suggest that the popular video-sharing website is well-utilized as a patient educational tool. The medical community should not ignore this potentially important source of information (and misinformation).
Wednesday, March 2, 2011 1:00 PM
Poster Session VI # 133, Wednesday Afternoon