Interobserver Agreement in Thyroid FNA (Fine Needle Aspiration) Diagnosis Using the New Thyroid Bethesda System Terminology (TBST) Classification: A Tertiary Care Community Hospital Experience.
Anshu Trivedi, Michael O'Donnell, Mary Fiel-Gan, Saverio Ligato, Theresa Voytek, Srinivas Mandavilli. Hartford Hospital, CT
Background: There is limited literature evaluating the reproducibility and accuracy of the recently proposed TBST in particular the category of follicular lesion/atypical cells of undetermined significance(FLUS/AUS).We recently adopted TBST in our practice and the aim of this study was to evaluate the interobserver variabilility amongst multiple observers in the use of TBST.
Design: A study set of 60 cases of thyroid FNA with surgical pathology (SP) follow-up was created using 47 cases signed out as "cellular follicular lesion with atypia" or any cases flagged as "atypical" and 13 cases of hyperplastic nodule.6 observers (5 pathologists, 1 cytotechnologist, blinded to FNA and final tissue diagnosis) classified these cases according to TBST after a joint session of viewing text and images from TBST Atlas.SP follow-up included:26 cases hyperplastic/colloid nodule (HAN/CN), 24 cases follicular adenoma (FA) and 10 cases papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).Data was analyzed for paired interobserver agreement using Cohen's and multiobserver Fleiss' Kappa statistic.Accuracy of each rater was computed against the final SP diagnosis.
Results: Overall interobserver agreement across all TBST diagnostic categories was 0.26 amongst the 6 observers.Interobserver agreement(Cohen's Kappa)amongst pairs of 6 observers ranged from 0.16 to 0.69. Table 1 shows % cases of each observer classified as FLUS/ AUS and their follow-ups including the multiobserver Kappa agreement for each of the three diagnostic categories:
|Path 1||Path 2||Path 3||Path 4||Path 5||Path 6||Kappa|