The Presence of IGG4 Positive Plasma Cells in PSC/AIH as Compared to Other Autoimmune Liver Diseases.
Maria Westerhoff, John Hart. University of Chicago, IL
Background: It has recently been recognized that some patients with autoimmune pancreatitis develop a hepatic IgG4 associated disease which clinically and histologically resembles sclerosing cholangitis. It is not clear whether this disease, termed IgG4-associated cholangitis, can also occur in patients without autoimmune pancreatitis.
Design: In order to determine whether IgG4 positive plasma cells are present in a variety of autoimmune liver disease, we performed immunohistochemical staining for IgG4 on needle core biopsies from 47 patients diagnosed by standard histologic and clinical criteria as autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), AMA negative PBC, AIH/PBC overlap, primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), and PSC/AIH overlap. No patients had autoimmune pancreatitis or any other IgG4 related disorder. The total number of IgG4 reactive plasma cells was counted, and the highest number per portal tract was scored as: 0 (none), 1 (1-3), and 2 (greater than 3).
Results: Absent or rare scattered single IgG4 reactive plasma cells were present in portal tracts (score 0 or 1) in the patients with PBC (n=12), AMA negative PBC (n=7), PBC/AIH overlap (n=7), AIH, (n=7), and PSC (n=6). In contrast, biopsies from six of eight patients with PSC/AIH overlap contained numerous IgG4 reactive cells (see chart).
|PSC/ AIH||Total # of IgG4 cells||IgG4 score||Colonoscopy||ANA||Alk phos||AST/ALT||MRCP/ ERCP|
|48 F||44||2+||No IBD||1:320||472||37/39||Negative|
|54 F||20||2+||Not done||1:640||68||77/161||Not done|
|28 F||82||2+||Not done||1:640||236||182/263||Not done|
|19 M||65||2+||Not done||Not done||N/A||N/A||Negative|
|5 M||1||1+||No IBD||1:640||3415||325/358||Not done|