Pathologic Abnormalities of Uteri Removed by Morcellation. A Review of 889 Cases.
Frida Rosenblum, Christopher N Otis. Baystate Medical Center/Tufts University Schoool of Medicine, Springfield, MA
Background: Minimally invasive surgery has become an accepted alternative to traditional open surgical techniques. Pelviscopic hysterectomy by morcellation (with or without adnexa) is now routinely performed at Baystate Health Systems. The purpose of this study was to review such specimens to determine the presence of abnormal findings which would traditionally be approached without morcellation.
Design: A search of the anatomic laboratory information system was performed to identify morcellation procedures on gynecologic specimens from 1-1-01 to 1-1-10. All findings were recorded. Pre and postoperative information was obtained from the electronic medical records when available (IRB# BH-10-077).
Results: A total of 889 cases were reviewed (64 had non-morcellated components). The two most common diagnoses were leiomyoma (719 cases, 81%) and adenomyosis (327 cases, 37%). There were 30 (4.1%) atypical smooth muscle tumors, including 2 leiomyosarcomas. 75 cases (8.4%) were considered to have unexpected and significant diagnoses (see table). One case of epithelioid STUMP recurred 6 years after original diagnosis as low grade leiomyosarcoma.
|Epithelioid smooth muscle tumor of undetermined malignant potential||3|
|Endometrial stromal tumor with muscle differentiation||1|
|Low grade endometrial stromal sarcoma||1|
|Atypical endometrial hyperplasia (simple, complex, polyp)/atypical polypoid adenomyoma||10|
|Ovarian brenner tumor||1|
|Ovarian mature cystic teratoma||2|
|Ovarian adult granulosa cell tumor||1|
|Ovarian mullerian mucinous borderline tumor||1|
|Ovarian serous borderline tumor||1|