[456] ThinPrep® (TP) Morphology of Amebic Cysts in Anal Cytology Samples: Morphologic Features and Comparison to Conventional Smears

PA Rodriguez Urrego, D Caplivski, V LaBombardi, H Chen, AH Szporn. Mount Sinai School of Medicine, NY, NY

Background: Although the cytomorphology of amoebae is known from conventional smears (CV), their features in TP have not been previously described. In this case series, we describe the morphological features of various amebic cysts in anal TP (ATP).
Design: Files from 01-2006 through 09-2009 were reviewed to identify all anal/rectal TP which were positive for amoebae. Cytomorphological characteristics, including background, preservation, size (S), cytoplasm (C), number of nuclei (N), chromatoid bodies (CB) and capsule were evaluated and compared.
Results: A total 1527 ATP specimens, all referred from the infectious disease clinic as high risk patients for anal squamous intraepithelial lesions, were found. 0.7% (n=11 cases) were positive for parasites (14 organisms). 13 amoebic cysts were identified, including Entamoeba histolytica (EH), Entamoeba coli (EC), Iodamoeba bütschlii (IB), Endolimax nana (EN), 1 case had a protozoan cyst Blastocystis hominis (BH). IB was the most common identified parasite (50%). 3 cases had 2 organims: EC and IB (2) and EH and BH (1). All cases revealed: clean background, no obscuring artifacts, good cellular detail, double contour membrane, crisp and easily visualized internal structures. All parasites were separated from surrounding cellular material,and were easily visible; except for one case that showed degenerative changes. All parasites were in the cyst stage. Morphologic comparisons of the cysts with those described in CV are displayed in the table.

Comparison of amebic cysts, CV Vs ATP
CYSTSCHARACTERISTICSCVATP
EH (3)S5-209 (8-10)
CYTdiffuse glycogen, mahogany brownsoft, light blue
CBlarge bars or thick rodsthick rod, dark blue
NC1-44
EC (3)S17 (10-33)17 (13-19)
CYTlarge mass, ill defined dark browndense, dusky blue
CBsometimes, splinter like-
NC1-88
IB (6)S10 (5-18)10 (8-10)
CYTlarge mass, compact, dark brown, vacuolefinely granular, dark blue,translucent vacuole
CB--
N1-21 (dark, piknotic)
EN (1)S9 (5-14)7
CYTabsent, ill-defined browngranular, blue
CBsmall, spherical or elongated granulesred, small, round granules
N1-41-2



Conclusions: Amebic parasites were easily found and recognized in ATP Compared to the CV, size of the organism was smaller and the color of the cytoplasm appears to be blue, rather than brown in ATP TP offers: clean background, excellent preservation and a smaller slide surface to screen.
Category: Cytopathology

Tuesday, March 23, 2010 9:30 AM

Poster Session III # 84, Tuesday Morning

 

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