Expression of c-KIT by Cell Morphology in Uveal Melanomas
P Tranchida, H Budev, S Sethi, H Jaratli, W Sakr, T Giorgadze. Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
Background: Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common primary intraocular cancer in adults. The overall prognosis is unfavorable, with 40-50% of patients developing metastases within 10 years of diagnosis. Recent reports showed that tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) reduce growth in UM-derived cell lines and may be useful in treatment of patients with UM. However, data regarding c-KIT (tyrosine kinase receptor) expression in UM are rare and inconsistent. Our objective was to determine c-KIT immunohistochemical (IHC) expression in UM and correlate the staining patterns with tumor cell types according to modified Callender's classification.
Design: 21 consecutive UM cases treated by enucleation were retrieved (9 females, 12 males; age range: 33-83 years). Immunostaining for c-KIT was performed in representative tissue sections. The staining (cytoplasmic or membranous) was evaluated as negative (<10%), weak (10-50%), or strong (>50%).
Results: The table shows that c-KIT immunoreactivity correlated strongly with the cellular composition of UM. Strong IHC staining was prevalent in spindle cells (both A and B types) and in the spindle cell component of the mixed spindle and epithelioid morphology. Negative or weak IHC expression was evident in all cases of epithelioid UM and the epithelioid component of tumors with mixed morphology. Furthermore, c-KIT staining helped unveil areas with epithelioid morphology in the original H&E sections.
|Case number||Tumor composition||c-KIT staining (spindle cell)||c-KIT staining (epithelioid)|