[1602] Identification of Reference Genes for Gene Expression Analysis by Real Time Quantitative PCR (RTQ-PCR) in Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

KK Lai, X Liu. Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH

Background: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is a disease with dismal prognosis. Recent studies utilizing RTQ-PCR in patients with this cancer have identified gene expression patterns with prognostic implication. As the clinical utility of RTQ-PCR has increased, traditionally used internal reference genes have been shown to exhibit differential levels of expression in different tissues, leading to the drive to identify tissue-specific reference genes. Identification of reference genes for normalization of RTQ-PCR data from paraffin-embedded tissue samples of human pancreatic adenocarcinoma have not yet been reported.
Design: Eight eight pancreatic adenocarcinomas resected from 2000 to 2005 were included in this study. Tumor samples were either formalin fixed (n=67) or Hollandes-fixed (n=21). Total RNA was isolated from micro-dissected paraffin-embedded tumors. One-step multiplex RTQ-PCR was performed to examine expression levels of the three housekeeper genes β-actin (ACTB), hydroxymethylbilane synthase (HMBS) and ribosomal protein L13 A (RPL13A). NormFinder (v19) and geNorm (v3.5) software programs were used for stability comparisons of these 3 housekeeper genes. The programs evaluate expression stability via independent algorithms.
Results: NormFinder identified HMBS as the most stably expressed (lowest stability value, table 1), followed by RPL13A and ACTB. Fixative type did not alter the order of stability. Analysis using geNorm yielded the same order of stability, again regardless of fixative (table 2).

Table 1: NormFinder analysis results of reference gene expression stability
Formalin (n=67)
RankGeneStability valueTumor Intragroup variation (n=67)
1HMBS0.0130.001
2RPL13A0.0180.000
3ACTB0.0290.002
Hollandes (n=21)
RankGeneStability valueTumor Intragroup variation (n=21)
1HMBS0.0220.001
2RPL13A0.0250.000
3ACTB0.0370.001




Table 2: geNorm analysis results of reference gene expression stability
Formalin (n=67)
RankGeneM value
1HMBS0.070
2RPL13A0.072
3ACTB0.088
Hollandes (n=21)
RankGeneM value
1HMBS0.067
2RPL13A0.069
3ACTB0.081



Conclusions: The results of this tudy indicate that HMBS is a good internal reference gene for use in normalization of QRT-PCR data for paraffin-embedded human pancreatic cancer tissue.
Category: Liver & Pancreas

Monday, March 22, 2010 9:30 AM

Poster Session I Stowell-Orbison/Surgical Pathology/Autopsy Awards Poster Session # 211, Monday Morning

 

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