[PD04-03] Sexual Dysfunction in Premenopausal Women with Breast Cancer: Prevalence and Severity.
Goldfarb SB, Dickler M, Patil S, Jia R, Sit L, Damast S, Carter J, Kaplan J, Hudis C, Basch E. Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY
Background: Sexual dysfunction is reported after chemotherapy and endocrine therapies. However, the prevalence and severity of sexual dysfunction in premenopausal women undergoing therapy for both local and metastatic disease is not well defined. This study was performed in order to understand the impact of contemporary breast cancer treatment on the prevalence and severity of sexual health in premenopausal women.
Methods: We developed a survey that includes a previously validated questionnaire, the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), as well as an established measure of health-related quality of life (the EuroQol EQ-5D), and disease-specific items to characterize sexual dysfunction and its causes based on literature review and expert consultations. Anonymous administration of the surveys was conducted in outpatient clinic waiting areas of the Breast Cancer Center at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), under an IRB waiver of consent.
Results: 372 consecutively approached premenopausal women with breast cancer of any stage, undergoing treatment were each queried once. The mean age was 47. 87% reported current or past hormonal treatment, and 86% reported current or past chemotherapy (76% adjuvant; 24% for metastatic disease). Sexual dysfunction attributed to breast cancer or its treatment, defined as an FSFI score <26, was reported by 75% of respondents with a mean score of 16.3. Among these women, 79% of patients considered their sexual symptoms to be bothersome, with 51% noting moderate or severe levels of bother (score >=5/10). In a multivariate analysis, metastatic disease, development of amenorrhea from cancer treatment, antidepressant use and poorer overall health were each significantly associated with worse FSFI scores. Lower FSFI scores were also significantly associated with worse health-related quality of life.
Conclusion: Sexual dysfunction is prevalent in premenopausal women treated for breast cancer and should be discussed with patients as a potential adverse effect of therapy. Assessment of sexual symptoms throughout treatment and beyond may facilitate the use of potential interventions such as lubricants, dilators, treatment modification and counseling.
Thursday, December 8, 2011 7:00 AM
Poster Discussion 4: Survivorship (7:00 AM-9:00 AM)