[2195.11] 2011 North Carolina YRBS: Athletic Participation, Violence, and Bullying
Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Robert W. Turner, Asheley C. Skinner, Eliana M. Perrin, Jacob A. Lohr. Pediatrics, General Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; Exercise and Sports Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.
BACKGROUND: Research has suggested that athletic participation may prevent youth from engaging in risky behavior including violence.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of athletic participation with participation in violence-related activities.
DESIGN/METHODS: We used data from the 2011 North Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey. This survey is administered to high school students and provides state-representative data on a variety of behaviors. We used two questions related to sports, which asked if the student played a school-sponsored sport that was team based (e.g., football) or individual-based (e.g., track). We then examined reports of fighting, carrying weapons, and bulling. We used bivariate statistics to examine differences in violence by the type of sport played. Analyses are adjusted for survey design to represent NC.
RESULTS: Half of students (n=1820) ages 14-18 reported participation in a school sponsored sport; 25% team sports, 9% individual sports, and 17% both types. Girls who played sports were less likely to have been in a physical fight in the last year (14% vs. 22%, p<0.05); there were no differences for boys or by type of sport. Girls playing sports were also less likely to have carried a weapon to school in the past 30 days (6% vs. 11%, p<0.05); however, there were no differences for boys or type of sport. There was a non-significant trend towards boys playing sports being less likely to report having been bullied (20% vs. 25%, p=0.17). Yet, boys playing only individual sports were more likely to report having been bullied than those playing team sports (29% vs. 18%, p<0.01) with a similar trend for girls (41% vs. 32%, p=0.14).
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that childhood sport participation may have important consequences for violence-related activity. Girls were less likely to fight or carry a weapon when involved in sports, though the same protective effect was not seen for boys. These results suggest important differences by gender. Further research should investigate why sports are protective for girls' but not boys' violence activities and if pediatricians or schools can intervene on these relationships.
First Author is a Fellow in Training
Session: Poster Symposium Session: Risky Behaviors & High Risk Populations (8:00 AM - 10:00 AM)
Date/Time: Sunday, May 5, 2013 - 8:00 AM
Room: 145B - Walter E. Washington Convention Center
Course Code: 2195